Make a garden
To create a garden it is necessary to consider some fundamental assumptions, namely:
- extension of the available area
- weather conditions
- types of lighting
- types of land
- coexistence between different species of plants
There are different types of gardens:
* Rock garden
It is a garden characterized by the presence of stones and rocks that are interposed between the vegetation and any waterways. It requires a variety of plants that are generally evergreen, very adaptable, that live well in shady areas and in drained soils, and that are generally housed on terraces set between the rocks.
The most used species are: heather, saponaria, fern, wild bellflower, myrtle and other aromatic herbs.
* Classic garden
It is the most famous garden, characterized by great order and sometimes artificiality, with green lawns, hedges cut according to geometric designs, flower beds or ornamental vases.
Depending on the available space, it can also have trees, always planted according to a rigid pattern.
The species used belong to all varieties of plants.
* Rustic garden
Unlike the previous one, this looks like a country garden, not at all artificial, but inspired by the laws of nature; the housed plants are often native and in balance with the surrounding environment, they belong to rustic and well adaptable varieties.
* Zen garden
It is inspired by Japanese culture and presents three fundamental elements: water, stones and plants, harmoniously connected to each other in order to recreate an allegorical representation of the human journey towards eternity.
The most used species are: bamboo, azalea, heather, maple, juniper.
* Mediterranean garden
It is a predominantly shrubby and bushy scrub of varieties adaptable to the warm climate of the Mediterranean basin.
It includes succulent plants, sclerophilous plants, evergreen plants, characterized by small, glossy leaves, with a leathery consistency.
After choosing which type of garden you want to create, it is useful to decide which plant varieties can be housed, namely:
- shrubby plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- evergreen plants
- climbing plants
- aquatic plants.
If the size of the garden allows it, you can plant some TREES, which have the great merit of offering shady areas and creating ornamental corners.
Among the most widespread varieties we mention:
It is a majestic and imposing specimen, with an erect trunk up to 20 40 meters high, broad-leaved and deciduous, of ornamental appearance.
The trunk is covered with a smooth bark with patches of silver color and supports a thick and extended conical crown.
The leaves are oval, with a wavy edge, shiny, dark green and with evident veins, they are petiolate and have an alternate insertion.
The flowers are gathered in inflorescences: the male ones have the appearance of hanging glomeruli, while the female ones are composed of 2 3 flowers erected and wrapped in bracts.
The fruits are small triangular nuts enclosed in a hedgehog and edible for humans.
It is a flowered tree, very decorative.
It has a slender trunk, up to 25 meters high, covered with a dark and scaly bark.
The foliage is thick and broad, coniform and formed by glossy, leathery, elliptical leaves, dark green in color.
The flowers have a corolla with very distinct petals, of a fleshy consistency, white and very fragrant.
The fruits are similar to pine cones containing bright red seeds.
It requires a fertile, well-drained soil, enriched with organic substance and peat and with acid or neutral component.
If, on the other hand, the garden is small to medium in size, you can opt for ARBUSTIVE OR CESPUGLIOSE PLANTS, perhaps evergreens or climbing plants, capable of filling small spaces while still guaranteeing an ornamental function.
It is a shrubby, evergreen, flowery, very decorative plant.
It has a stem up to 10 15 meters tall, branched, which supports a crown formed by bipinnate leaves, dark green.
The flowers are small flower head inflorescences, of soft and feathery consistency, of an intense yellow and golden color, extremely perfumed.
The flowering is very early, but has a short duration: from January to March.
The fruits are dark legumes about 5 cm long.
It must be planted in sunny areas of the garden, with temperatures never lower than 15 degrees, in well-drained and fertile soils for the addition of organic material.
It is a flowering, ornamental shrubby plant.
It has a woody, branched stem, which grows by leaning against walls, palisades or espaliers, forming an extremely decorative green and floral cover.
The leaves are bipinnate, light green.
The flowers gather in cluster-shaped inflorescences, conical in shape, purplish pink in color, very fragrant.
Flowering begins in March and continues throughout spring, until early summer.
It requires a clayey and well-drained soil, rich in organic material, and should be planted in sunny areas and with a mild climate because it fears the cold.